Hydroponics:Growing Plants Without Soil
What is hydroponic farming? Imagine farming without the dirt. Hydroponics is essentially a space-saving and water-effective way to grow plants without soil.(no dirt!) The plants grow in a solution of water and nutrients allowing them to grow faster and all year round. This is often a go-to strategy for apartment dwellers with no access to outdoor gardening space.
It’s not a new practice, its origins are relatively old dating back to some ancient civilizations. The modern hydroponics have been used widely in commercial greenhouses as well as at home for more than 30 years.
Looking to grow your knowledge and skills on hydroponics? You’ve come to the right place.
A hydroponic farming system works on the premise that if you provide what a plant needs to grow, it will grow well. In such systems plants will grow faster, take less space and conserve water. Throughout the whole process of growth you will however, need to control several factors such as air circulation, water quality and lighting. Ruling out mother nature allows you to have a very well controlled environment for efficient plant growth.
The soil is replaced with water and the growing media such as rockwool, perlite or sand etc whose main role is to transfer nutrients in the water and keep the roots of the plants well oxygenated. Nutrients are then added to the water and are moved through the growing media and roots using a water pump.
Furthermore, there are several hydroponic systems you can use, but they all work as per the above concepts. They include:
- Deep Water Culture
- Nutrient Film Technique
- Ebb & Flow
- Drip system
You can learn more about how to set up each individual hydroponic system from: https://www.fullbloomgreenhouse.com/hydroponic-systems-101/